Scientific Explanation of Cognition in
Daily Activities

Each of the following activities has 5 levels of difficulty.

Sort Items

Players are required to sort items into categories. Primarily, this requires the ability to plan and categorize based on prior knowledge. This task evaluates executive function which is predominantly a frontal lobe function.

Prepare Breakfast

Players are required to remember and match breakfast items. Primarily, this requires working memory and executive function. Working memory has been linked to the prefrontal cortex and the parietal areas, while executive function is associated with the prefrontal regions of the frontal lobes.

Phone Recall

Players are required to perform items/tasks that were remembered. Primarily, this requires working memory. Working memory has been linked to the prefrontal cortex and the parietal areas in the brain.

Locate and Purchase Items

Players are required to locate items using the shortest route possible. Primarily, this requires visuospatial processing. Visuospatial processing has been linked to the occipital and parietal lobes of the brain.

Enter Phone Code

Players are required to remember symbols. Primarily, this requires working memory. Working memory has been linked to the prefrontal cortex of the brain.

Pay for Items at Cashier

Players are required to plan their purchases based on the amount of money available. Primarily, this requires executive function. Executive function has been linked to the prefrontal regions of the frontal lobes.

Choose Path and Select Bus Stop

Players are required to plan and execute travel routes. Primarily, this requires executive function and visuospatial processing. Executive function has been linked to the prefrontal regions of the frontal lobes while visuospatial processing is associated with the occipital and parietal lobes of the brain. Recognizing bus stop is a task of visual memory and is localized to the medial temporal lobe.

Sort Hand Phone Sentence

Players are required to use syntax in the formation of sentences. Primarily, this requires language, specifically lexical fluency. Language has been linked to the left hemisphere, predominantly the frontal and temporal lobes.

Read Articles

Players are required to understand and remember content of articles. Primarily, this requires explicit memory and comprehension. Explicit memory has been linked to the hippocampus, while comprehension has been associated with the left hemisphere, in particular, the Wernicke's area.

Laundry

Players are required to plan steps in laundry washing. Primarily, this requires the ability to plan and sequence, both of which are components of executive function. Executive function has been linked to the prefrontal regions of the frontal lobes.

Select TV Program

Players are required to remember a set of TV programs. Primarily, this requires explicit memory. Explicit memory has been linked to the hippocampus.

Shopping List

Players are required to remember items on a shopping list. Primarily, this requires explicit memory. Explicit memory has been linked to the hippocampus.